THE STATE OF THE JACKRABBIT
37 Year History
This coming year marks the 37th anniversary of the founding of the Jackrabbit Ski Trail, and the founding of our parent organization - the Adirondack Ski Touring Council. ASTC was formed in 1986 by local skiers who saw an opportunity to link up traditional ski routes and create a trail system that took people from town-to-town or at least from the towns out into the backcountry. ASTC’s first project was construction of the Jackrabbit Trail, which, it was hoped, would link Keene, Lake Placid, Saranac Lake, and Tupper Lake.
Much of the construction and marking of the original 25-mile route between Keene and Saranac Lake occurred in the first two years from 1986 to 1988, including the re-opening of the Old Mountain Road and McKenzie Pass sections, which had been more or less abandoned up to this point. While the plan to reach Tupper Lake was ultimately scrapped and replaced with a connection from Saranac Lake to the VIC trail system in Paul Smiths, the overall goal of the trail was realized in short order, and today the Jackrabbit is recognized as one of the classic ski tours of the Adirondacks.
The Jackrabbit is located on state Forest Preserve lands, North Elba Parks District lands, and about a dozen privately-owned parcels. While the route was originally conceived for winter use by skiers and as a Scandanavian-style “town to town” ski route. Over time much of the winter use has become concentrated in the more contiguous sections like Old Mountain Road and McKenzie Pass, while the sections in between are used more by “thru skiers” looking to make longer trips along the route. In the past 15 years, certain sections have become more popular for summer use by mountain bikers and hikers.
For almost four decades, our organization and a veritable army of passionate volunteers has worked to preserve access to the various sections of the Jackrabbit and to maintain the trail at a high standard for the benefit of community residents and visitors. We have made some improvements and also experienced a few setbacks over the past couple of years, and felt it was a good time for a holistic update on the “state of the Jackrabbit.”
Paul Smiths to NCCC
Beginning at the VIC or the Red Dot trail in Paul Smiths, the trail traverses some beautiful terrain between Osgood and Church ponds, passes through a handful of Paul Smith’s College forestry plots, a small section of state lands, and then logging roads and a powerline on the 9-mile route to Lake Clear. Over the past couple of years BETA has updated signage along this “least known” section, installed new bog bridging, and worked with the college to accommodate timber harvesting operations that temporarily impacted trail access.
Skiers heading south from Lake Clear to Saranac Lake must follow the former Remsen Lake Placid Railroad corridor, which is now being converted to the Adirondack Rail Trail. The railroad tracks and ties were removed from the corridor in 2020 to prepare for rail trail construction, which made it easier for local snowmobile clubs to groom the corridor, which in turn dramatically improved the skiing on this otherwise uneventful (but pretty) 6-mile section of the route. NYSDEC officially broke ground on the Rail Trail in November, 2022. Some sections of the rail trail will be temporarily closed until December 19, which will only affect the early ski season.
NCCC to McKenzie Pond Road
In case you’re not up to speed on our local acronyms, NCCC is North Country Community College, which is the start/end point of the original 25-mile Jackrabbit route. From here skiers follow the rail trail for another 0.5 mile before turning into a beautiful plantation pine forest and following an old snowmobile trail to McKenzie Pond Road. This area of state land is commonly referred to as Fowler’s Crossing and is part of the Saranac Lakes Wild Forest. This year the BETA trail crew added about 100 feet of new bog bridging to this section to make the trail more sustainable for year-round use and protect sensitive wetland habitat. These projects were funded by a grant from the North Elba LEAF program.
Side note - BETA began work on a new system of singletrack trails in this parcel in 2019, but work was stalled by the Protect the Adirondacks! v. NYSDEC court decision that year (and the subsequent final decision in 2021).
McKenzie Pond Road to Whiteface Inn Lane
Some might say this is the best section of the whole trail, but we’ll leave it up to you to decide. From McKenzie Pond Road, the trail re-enters the forest at a parking lot where BETA has installed a new information kiosk about the Jackrabbit with beautiful cartography work by Adirondack Research. The first section leads to McKenzie Pond and is popular year-round with locals and visitors, many of whom probably are not aware that the first mile between the road and the McKenzie Mountain Wilderness boundary, and public access (and parking) is only possible thanks to a permanent easement purchased by our organization in 2010.
In 2022 BETA installed additional bog bridging on both sides of the state boundary to better accommodate the steady stream of hiker traffic in the summer months (no mountain biking is permitted on this section). This work, along with the new kiosk, was also funded by the North Elba LEAF program. Two miles in from the road the trail splits with the spur to the pond heading left, and the infamous climb to the top of “McKenzie Pass” begins. Skied in the opposite direction, this is one of the finest cross country ski descents in the Adirondacks.
From the top of the pass to the intersection with Whiteface Inn Lane the route follows a trail corridor that has been used by skiers for at least a century. Just before beginning the final descent to the road, the trail traverses a private inholding for about 0.5 mile before re-entering state land. This property changed hands in 2016 and BETA has worked tirelessly with the new owner to preserve public access for the trail. Additional “winter trail etiquette” signage has been installed and the DEC marked the trail “for skiing only” for the winter months, both were an effort to dissuade the dreaded “postholers.”
In 2021 and 2022, the Trail Crew and volunteers have put considerable effort into repairing drainage ditches and addressing persistently muddy areas on McKenzie Pass that have grown worse with an explosion in hiker traffic on this section. It seems that with Google searches and online maps like AllTrails, the word is out that this is an easier approach to the summits of McKenzie and Haystack mountains. On a random weekday this past July, we counted almost 40 cars parked along Whiteface Inn Lane.
Whiteface Inn Lane to Mirror Lake/Lake Placid Club
***Updated Dec 21 - A previous version of this post reported that thru-skiers had to walk or ski on the road through the Whiteface Club property***
We're happy to report that we have reached an agreement with the Whiteface Club & Resort to reopen the route for skiers this season. As of December 20, the Jackrabbit Trail is once again marked across the golf course, allowing skiers to traverse between Whiteface Inn Road and the Brewster Peninsula Trails without walking on the road.
Please join us in expressing sincere thanks to the Whiteface Club & Resort for working with BETA to find a solution to reopen this section for the 2022-23 season.
If traveling toward Saranac Lake from the Brewster Peninsula Trails, skiers will cross the bridge over the Lake Placid Outlet before heading west for about a quarter mile to reach the Whiteface Club Nordic Center. Upon reaching the edge of the golf course/Nordic center, bear right and follow the obvious red & white Jackrabbit markers all the way to the intersection of Lodge Way and Whiteface Inn Road. From here, walk across Whiteface Inn Road to reach a short spur that leads to the trailhead for the McKenzie Mountain Wilderness area (which incidentally is also Whiteface Club property).
Please stay on the marked Jackrabbit route at all times. The marked route purposely avoids the groomed trails of the Nordic center as much as possible. Those wishing to ski the groomed tracks should purchase a trail pass.
Between the Peninsula and the Whiteface Club the Jackrabbit traverses multiple parcels of private land. Please stay on the trail at all times, keep noise to a minimum and respect the privacy of landowners as you pass through this residential zone. The section of trail on the golf course is only marked in the winter and only open to the public for winter use from December 1 to March 31.
Once past the golf course, the trail again traverses several parcels of private land before reaching the Peninsula trails and the trailhead on Saranac Avenue adjacent to Simply Gourmet. Side note - this makes for an excellent lunch stop when skiing the trail, and there’s a Stewart’s across the street if that’s more your style. BETA has installed new signage in this area to inform trail users that they are indeed on private land and to please respect this privilege. From here to Fawn Ridge to Mirror Lake the route is still on private land and remains unchanged, save for a small disruption to the edge of the trail near the crossing of Wes Valley Road due to the construction of new affordable housing.
Mirror Lake/Lake Placid Club to Craig Wood
We are endlessly thankful to the Lussi family of Lake Placid for generously permitting public winter use of the property surrounding Crowne Plaza Resort and the Lake Placid Club golf course. The remaining section of trail from the golf course to River Road also utilizes the Lussi property before traversing a handful of other private parcels. Without the cooperation of these landowners, the Jackrabbit Trail as we know it would not be possible.
After passing Mirror Lake and completing the walk through town, skiers continue across a marked route on the LP Club golf course and back into the woods, finally reaching River Road after 3 miles of enjoyable skiing. A new kiosk was installed at River Road and Bird Song Lane in 2022 (again, funded by the North Elba LEAF program). BETA is working with a property owner along River Road to hopefully restore access to the former Snowslip Farm property, which would allow skiers to once again traverse the edge of the farm field and avoid walking on the road for 0.25 mile. From here about 1 mile of skiing brings you to Craig Wood Golf Course, located on North Elba Parks District lands.
Slightly New Route from Craig Wood to ADK Cascade Trails
***Updated Nov 23 - A previous version of this post reported that a section of the Jackrabbit Ski Trail was closed between Route 73 and the Adirondack Mountain Club's Cascade Welcome Center (formerly the Cascade XC Ski Center)***
As of November 23, we are pleased to announce that the property owners along this section have graciously allowed for the clearing and marking of a new trail to preserve the historic ski connection between Lake Placid and Keene. The trail is once again open to the public and is already developing a good base thanks to a recent early season snowstorm. Please join us in expressing sincere thanks to these property owners for working with BETA to find a way to keep the full Jackrabbit route open for the 2022-23 season.
If traveling toward Keene from Craig Wood, skiers will cross Route 73 as usual, then follow red Jackrabbit markers to parallel the highway for a short distance before reaching the new "bypass" trail. Continue skiing along relatively flat terrain to merge with the old trail before reaching a big downhill with views of the High Peaks in the distance, and proceeding along the usual Jackrabbit route to reach the lodge at the Cascade Welcome Center.
A friendly reminder that the entire section of trail between Route 73 and the Cascade Welcome Center is located on private land and is only open to the public for winter use only from December 1 to March 31. Please stay on the trail at all times, keep noise to a minimum and respect the privacy of landowners as you pass through this residential zone. Please do not attempt to access this section of trail by parking on Coyote Way (private road) or by bushwacking into the trail from adjacent properties. Dogs are not permitted on this section of the trail at any time of the year.
Skiers can traverse the marked route through the ADK Cascade trails without purchasing a trail pass so long as you stay on the Jackrabbit Trail. If you intend to ski the other trails, please stop by the lodge and purchase a pass (skiing is free this season for current ADK members!)
BETA will continue working with the NYSDEC and the Town of North Elba to establish a new section of ski trail on state lands between Craig Wood Golf Course and the intersection of Route 73 and Mountain Lane. This ski trail was approved in the unit management plan for the Sentinel Range Wilderness Area in 2019. This new section of trail would be approximately 2 miles long and has been scouted several times in winter and summer to determine the best route.
The new trail will maintain the continuity of the Jackrabbit Trail between Lake Placid and Keene, and would eliminate the need to cross Route 73 twice (compared to the historic route through Cascade XC Center). BETA’s work plan request is under review by NYSDEC and we have our fingers crossed that approval will be granted in time to clear the route before the 2022-23 season is in full swing.
On a related note, just last week, High Peaks Cyclery of Lake Placid announced an agreement with the Town of North Elba to begin operating a “community Nordic ski center” with 10 km of groomed tracks and lights on the Craig Wood golf course, beginning in 2023. The groomed trails will be free for locals and will not impact access to the marked Jackrabbit route across the golf course. BETA is excited for this new project and we believe it will complement the trails we have been establishing around the golf course since 2010, including the “backcountry” terrain on the old Scott’s Cobble ski area.
ADK Cascade Welcome Center to Keene
More big news along the trail - in January 2022 the Adirondack Mountain Club (ADK) closed on its $2.5 million purchase of Cascade Cross Country Ski Center. ADK opened the new “Cascade Welcome Center” over the summer to provide backcountry information, basic hiking gear and educational programs. An official announcement about winter operations was recently released, including the excellent news that ADK members will ski for free this season. BETA is coordinating with ADK and has secured a trail access agreement to allow skiers to continue using the marked Jackrabbit Trail route across the property.
Continuing south from the new ADK trail center, the route remains unchanged, passing through a chunk of state land before crossing Route 73 at Mountain Lane. This is where the new bypass trail from Craig Wood will end once completed. DEC is planning to build a larger parking lot here as well. Skiers continuing to Keene must still walk roughly a mile on Mountain Lane in all but the best snow conditions. BETA and our predecessors at ASTC have been working for LITERALLY 20 YEARS to gain approval from the state to build a short section of ski trail to bypass the first 0.5 mile of the road walk on Mountain Lane. The project is fully approved in the unit management plan for the Saranac Lakes Wild Forest (since 2018), and yet somehow, approval for this very simple project evades us. 20 years….let that sink in.
Once on the Old Mountain Road and with the road walk behind you, the skiing ahead is as classic as it gets. Following its founding in the spring of 1986, ASTC began work on the 12 mile section from Keene to Lake Placid. This effort kicked-off with the reopening the long-abandoned Old Mountain Road running from the end of Alstead Hill Road in Keene to Rt. 73. Fun fact - the Old Mountain Road is possibly one of the oldest historic routes in the Adirondacks that is still in use today, dating back to the first half of the 18th century. The skiing on this section is some of the best in the Park and certainly has the best views on the whole Jackrabbit route.
In 2021, BETA worked with the Town of Keene and the Ausable River Association to complete a series of stream restoration projects along the Old Mountain Road section of the Jackrabbit Ski Trail. The project replaced 3 aging culverts with bridges to restore the natural stream pattern and flow, and was funded in part by a grant from the Patagonia Action Fund, secured with assistance from the Mountaineer Keene Valley.
BETA is coordinating with the owners of Rock & River to look at the options for building a new section of the Jackrabbit Trail to bypass the property at the trailhead. There have been growing issues with their parking lot getting full with trail users on busy weekends for their business, leaving no parking for their customers. Some people are also trying to enter the private lodges to use bathrooms, despite clear signage.
In 2021 and again in 2022 we flagged a route for the trail on the Wilderness side of Nichols Brook, and identified three good sites for the necessary bridges. The project is approved in the unit management plan for the Sentinel Range Wilderness Area and is pending NYSDEC review and approval, requiring various permits due to the crossing of Nichols Brook. In the meantime, the landowners are proceeding with the construction of a new parking lot on their property (under permitting review now). They are doing this in good faith and hoping the state will come through and find a way to approve the bypass project and the bridging work to ensure public access to the Old Mountain Road, Barkeater cliffs, and the north face of Pitchoff Mountain is preserved for the future.
If you’re still reading, congratulations, you must be a real nut for skiing the Jackrabbit! In all seriousness, we hope this update provided some valuable information and increased your understanding of the Jackrabbit Trail and the role our organization plays in preserving this incredible community resource. Preserving the unique and historic experience of skiing the Jackrabbit Trail remains a top priority for BETA.
Our organization has put forth considerable effort to maintain public access to the entire length of the trail. This means negotiating reasonable terms of access to private lands to create the connections necessary for a contiguous ski route. Unfortunately this access is often granted on a “revocable” basis (sometimes with just a hand shake) and the closure of a small section this year reminds us just how quickly we can lose this special privilege due to a variety of factors outside of our control.
The Jackrabbit as we know it would not exist without the generosity of the private landowners who have allowed for the establishment of the trail on their property. Continued access depends upon maintaining good relations between BETA, trail users, and landowners. Therefore, we ask our members and other trail users to be "good guests" and help us maintain public access across these private and state lands for years to come by skiing with gratitude for all who have given so much to creating this special trail.
As we finish this the first snowfall of the year is on its way. Here’s to an amazing winter and in the words of the Jackrabbit himself - Ski! Ski! Ski!